What is Sacroiliitis? Treatment and Prognosis for Sacroiliitis
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What is Sacroiliitis? Treatment and Prognosis for Sacroiliitis

Inflammation of the sacroiliac joints, is referred to as Sacroiliitis. There are several causes for sacroiliitis, and the primarily symptom associated with the condition is pain in the lower back region, which moves downwards. Treatment for sacroiliitis helps improve mobility and range of movement to a great extent and should be started promptly. There are several home remedies and natural treatment options for the management of the condition promptly. Sacroiliitis massage and excercises are also very beneficial and improves the prognosis of the condition.

Sacroiliitis is a condition that is characterized by inflammation of the sacroiliac joints; the disorder may be unilateral or bilateral, affective one or both the joints. The sacroiliac joints connect the lower segment of the spinal column with the pelvic bones. Sacroiliac joint pain is seen as pain in the lower back and / or buttocks, and may also move downwards to one or both the legs.

Sacroiliitis Symptoms

Characstically, there will be pain in the lumbo-sacral region of the back and the buttocks. Pain may get referred to the groin, legs, and feet. Standing for protracted periods of time, climbing stairs, uneven allocation of weight on the legs, taking long strides while walking, and wrong postures; all tend to increase the sacroiliac joint pain considerably.

Sacroiliitis Causes

Here are some common causes that are associated with sacroiliitis,

  1. Trauma: Any injury, fall or sudden blow to the sacroiliac joints triggers inflammation
  2. Arthritis: ankylosing spondylitis and Osteoarthritis are known to cause sacroiliitis
  3. Pregnancy: The sacroiliac joints elongate to accommodate the growing fetus, which results in lower back pain during pregnancy. Having an incorrect walk during pregnancy puts a lot of burden on the sacroiliac joints and can cause swelling and pain.
  4. Weight gain is another causative factor that increases the risk of sacroiliitis.
  5. Infection: Any infection affecting the sacroiliac joints is a significant etiological factor.

Sacroiliitis Treatment

The treatment plan for sacroiliitis depends up on the clinical manifestations and the reason for the inflammation:

  • Your physician will prescribe analgesics to manage the pain successfully.
  • The physcian may also prescribe muscle relaxants to help lessen muscle spasms and cramps, which are the primary causes for muscle pain that are related to sacroiliitis.
  • Avoid activities that aggravate your pain, take ample rest.
  • Corticosteroid injections manage the swelling, inflammation and pain considerably; however, the results are short term.
  • In extreme cases, radio-frequency denervation is done; this technique works by impairing the nerve that causes pain.
  • Usually, surgery is not conducted for sacroiliitis; nevertheless, some doctors opt for joint fusion with metal hardware; this is known to mitigate the sacroiliitis pain to some extent.

Home based Treatment for Sacroiliitis: Simple Natural Remedies

Here are some simple home based threatment options that can help in the management of sacroiliitis pain,

  • Alternate heat and ice therapy helps reduce pain substantially.
  • Naturopaths recommend ginger to manage pain and swelling. Ginger is packed with a compound called gingerols; these decrease inflammation and swelling within the joint and bring about significant pain relief. Consume a cup of ginger tea daily; it will promise you astonishing benefits.
  • Aromatherapy massage is another effective treatment option. Essential oils such as clove, nutmeg and ginger ease pain and enhance joint mobility.

Sacroiliitis Exercises

Physical therapy and exercise are the principal aspect of the treatment regimen. Exercise will enhance the range of movement and allay swelling and inflammation appreciably. Stretching exercises improve and maintain flexibility and suppleness, whilst strengthening exercises grant stability to the muscles supporting the sacroiliac joints.

Sacroiliitis Prognosis

Prognosis for sacroiliitis is moderate to poor. Conventional treatment is helpful in some cases, and may decrease the amount of the pain, however, in some cases only a slight amelioration is observed. The fundamental cause is the key factor that determines sacroiliitis prognosis.

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